PLACEMENT AND INDUCTION
Placement is the process of assigning specific job to selected candidates. It involves assigning a specific rank and responsibility to an individual. It requires matching the requirement of a job with the qualifications of the candidate.
This is the process of receiving and welcoming employees when they first join the company and giving them the basic information they will need to settle down quickly and happily and start work.
AIMS OF INDUCTION
- Smoothen preliminary stages when everything is likely to be strange and unfamiliar to new employees.
- To establish favourable attitude to the company in the mind of new employees so that he or she is more likely to stay.
- To optimize productivity of new comers at the shortest possible time.
- To reduce the likelihood of employees leaving the organization.
IMPORTANCE OF INDUCTION
- It reduces the likelihood of early exits from the organization thereby saving the organization the costs of replacement, induction and error corrections by new comers.
- Induction increases commitment of new employees.
- Induction programmes help new comers maximize their individual contribution to the organization from the first day, thus accelerating progress up the leaving curve.
- Socialization: New comers are more likely to settle quickly and enjoy working with others in the organization if the process of socialization takes place smoothly. This is achieved through induction programmes.
These vary between organizations. However, most induction procedures contain:
- Reception: friendly receptions are organized to make new employees feel accepted.
- Documentation: A staff is assigned to take new comers through documentation processes required by new comers.
- Employee Handbook: Some organizations have staff handbooks which contain issues that may not have been spelt out in the letter of appointment.
- Initial Briefing: This is handled by the Human Resources department or the head of department or unit of the new employee. The purpose is to clarify issues contained in the staff handbook or letter of employment.
- Formal Induction Courses: Some organizations conduct formal induction to convey consistent and comprehensive information relevant to the employee as a new comer.
- On-the-job Induction Training: This is aimed at training inductees on how the job is to be done. This may be complemented with formal training programmes to provide new comers with adequate relevant information.